LIVINGSTON, Archibald (1808)
|Full name||Archibald Livingston|
|Born||July 25 1808|
|Place of birth||Fordell, Fife, Scotland|
|Died||April 27 1849|
|Place of death|| Airdrie, Lanark, Scotland
Archibald Livingston was born 25 July 1808, Fordell, Scotland, the oldest of 12 children (9 girls, 3 boys) born to James Livingston born 25 March 1783, and Christina Campbell Livingston born 14 February 1789. Both James and Christina were born near Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland. They were married 9 October 1807 (James 24, Christina 18).
Archibald's brothers and sisters were as follows:
- Agnes born 18 January 1811
- Grace born 20 February 1813
- Helen born 27 March 1815; died 28 August 1829 (age 14)
- Catherine born 15 February 1817
- Christina born 13 January 1820
- Agnes McLuckie born 28 January 1821
- Janet born 5 September 1822
- Elizabeth born 5 September 1824
- Robert born 26 August 1826; died 29 June 1838 (age 10 yrs. 10 mo. - killed by a fall of earth in a coal pit in Scotland)
- James born 30 August 1828; died 23 September 1874, Salt Lake City, unmarried
- Helen (or Ellen) born 30 May 1831; married John Dobbie
James and Helen were the only ones to come to Utah.
At the age of 24, Archibald married Helen Muir Connor, born 26 October 1811. She was the daughter of Charles Connor born 29 March 1793, and Helen Murray. Archibald and Helen were married at Shotts Iron Works, Lanarkshire, Scotland, near her birth place 28 December 1832. Helen died 16 October 1837, at the age of 26 after blessing their home with three children in just five short years of marriage (James, Charles, Helen). Three years later, Archibald, at the age of 32, married a second wife Jean Bain 19 February 1840. She (19) was born 14 March 1820, the daughter of Walter Bain and Jean Lithgow.
Four more children were born into the home through this marriage, [[LIVINGSTON, Jane (1841)|Jane, Isabelle, Archibald, William. These children were all born in Airdire sometime within that four year period.
After only 17 days short of nine years together, Jean died 2 February 1849. She was 28 yeas old. Just 3 months later, Archibald died 27 April 1849. He was 40. Both mother and father were victims of the dreadful epidemic of cholera that swept Scotland.
This left six orphaned children. The first child of the second marriage (a daughter, Jane) died at age 6, two years prior to her mother's and father's deaths. No cause of death has been found.
Windowed Grandmother, Christina Campbell Livingston, then 60 years old, affectionately known as "Granny", assumed the care of the children. Grandfather James had passed away nearly 10 years prior, 27 July 1839 (age 56).
The youngest of the orphaned family, William, was 9 months. The two oldest sons, then 15 and 14, James and Charles respectively, worked very hard to support the family. This continued for 4 years at which time the oldest son, James Campbell Livingston emigrated to Salt Lake City, Utah. He left 15 March 1853, and arrived in Salt Lake City 16 October 1853 (7 months). He had joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints just 10 days after his father's death (7 May 1849). It was for this purpose that the family saved money and sent him to Utah, to prepare a way for the others to follow.
- Jane Livingston
- born 12 January 1841
- died 25 January 1847 Airdrie, Lanark, Scotland
Notes and References
- ↑ Not documented
- ↑ Cholera, little heard of today, once killed millions. It is an infectious disease, brought on usually by drinking contaminated water. Sever dysentery is its chief characteristic. The serious aspect of the infection is that there is only a 50% chance of survival. The onset is sudden, with vomiting, diarrhea, prostration and collapse. Within 24 hours the victim loses 20 quarts of fluid from the bowels. The mortality rate is high because dehydration is speedy and progressive and vital chemicals are lost from the body. Muscle cramps occur and thirst is intense. Consuming food or water only increases vomiting. The best treatment is intravenous injections of large amounts of fluids containing potassium, sodium chloride (salt), and sodium bicarbonate. The infection is water-borne and most of the old-time victims lived along the great rivers. More than 10 million Russians died of cholera in the five-year period following their revolution in 1917